Curlew in Herefordshire

Curlew in Herefordshire

Curlew (Numenius arquata) adult in breeding habitat in early morning light, Scotland, UK - Mark Hamblin/2020VISION

Fieldwork Volunteers Needed for 2020

 

The Curlew is an iconic bird of our countryside which is in serious decline throughout the country. There has been a national loss of over 50% in the past 25 years and in lowland areas it is even worse.  A bird which 60 years ago in Herefordshire was described as “common and widespread” now has less than 20 breeding pairs and in 2019 out of 19 identified nest sites only one young was known to have survived to fledging.

Herefordshire Ornithological Club, supported by Herefordshire Wildlife Trust, is running a project to protect our remaining Curlews and is working with landowners; monitoring breeding effort and protecting nests and young from predation or agricultural disturbance. The hardest part of this work is locating nest sites! Due to the Curlew’s secretive behaviour during the nesting period it can take many hours of patient fieldwork before a nest is located and our workforce is very thinly spread.

Can you help us protect Herefordshire’s Curlews?

Fieldwork starts at the end of March and can be fairly intensive throughout April and early May by which time birds should have selected their nest site, laid eggs and (hopefully!) revealed their nest location. Nest sites are located through a combination of watching (both for presence and behaviour), listening and patience! Once the suspected nest area is identified, its exact location can be determined by careful observation but this often takes time owing to the secretive nature of the bird.

We are looking for people who would be prepared to undertake this fieldwork. Observers need to be patient and be ready to devote several hours at a time in order to achieve results but the work could be shared between two or more people. A training course will be given to all volunteers and ongoing help will be provided either directly from experienced watchers or via our WhatsApp group.

Any help you can give would be greatly appreciated. If you would like to assist or want to know more please get in touch with the project leader Chris Robinson herefordbtorep@btinternet.com or James Hitchcock j.hitchcock@herefordshirewt.co.uk

Curlew in flight with vegetation behind

WildNet - Jon Hawkins - Surrey Hills Photography

Curlew on Lugg Meadow 

 

With a haunting call and unmistakable long, curved bill, the curlew is an iconic wetland bird. In the past, curlew bred in significant numbers on Lugg Meadow but have drastically declined in recent decades. Last spring, just three pairs attempted to breed on Lower Lugg Meadow, though none successfully raised a brood.

Each spring, Herefordshire Wildlife Trust and Herefordshire Ornithological Club encourage people to keep dogs on leads on the Upper Lugg Meadow while the Lower Lugg Meadow is closed to the public under the CRoW Act from 1st March to 31st July each year to ensure the birds are not disturbed. This year we are taking further action, installing temporary electric fencing around the areas where the birds nest. The fencing will protect the nest from predators such as foxes but preventing disturbance from any people that stray on to the site is equally important: if walkers or dogs disturb a bird while it is sitting on eggs, it will often fly up, leaving the nest vulnerable to predators like crows. Curlew no longer nest upon the Upper Lugg as there is too much disturbance from dogs, which is why we are asking people to keep their dogs on a lead during the breeding season. 

Curlew declined by 46% across the UK from 1994 to 2010 and the species was added to the UK red list in in December 2015. The exact number of breeding pairs of curlew in Herefordshire is unknown but is certainly declining. The Birds of Herefordshire report in 2017 states that there were 77 records from 33 sites. Though not confirmed, it is thought that curlew bred at just seven of these sites so ensuring Lugg Meadow continues to support a breeding population is vital. Curlew are faithful to their breeding grounds so once all breeding pairs are lost from a site it is unlikely they will return in future years.

Pete Johnson, Herefordshire Wildlife Trust’s Reserve Officer for Lugg Meadow commented: “to have curlew so close to Hereford City is really special and we want to do all we can to bolster this population. It’s magical to hear them across the meadow and would be great if they bred successfully here this year.”

Anyone wishing to be involved with caring for Lugg Meadows and its wildlife should get in touch with Herefordshire Wildlife Trust who support a volunteer group which carries out habitat management and monitoring of the curlew at the site. enquiries@herefordshirewt.co.uk / 01432 356872.

Curlew Conservation Appeal

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Curlew (Numenius arquata) adult in breeding habitat in early morning light, Scotland, UK - Mark Hamblin/2020VISION